How to Store an SSH Key on a Yubikey
Published on 05/27/2022, 430 words, 2 minutes to read
SSH keys suck. They are a file on the disk and you can easily move it to other machines instead of storing them in hardware where they can't be exfiltrated. Using a password to encrypt the private key is a viable option, but the UX for that is hot garbage. It's allegedly the future, so surely we MUST have some way to make this all better, right?
>implying there is a way to make anything security related better
Luckily, there is actually something we can do for this! As of OpenSSH 8.2 (Feburary 14, 2020) you are able to store an SSH private key on a yubikey! Here's how to do it.
This should work on other FIDO keys like Google's Titan, but we don't have access to one over here and as such haven't tested it. Your mileage may vary. We are told that it works with the Google Titan key that is handed out to Go contributors.
here for more
information, or run
nix-shell -p yubikey-manager to run it without installing
it on NixOS), plug in your yubikey and run
$ ykman list YubiKey 5C NFC (5.4.3) [OTP+FIDO+CCID] Serial: 4206942069
If you haven't set a PIN for the yubikey yet, follow this to set a PIN of your choice. Once you do this, you can generate a new SSH key with the following command:
ssh-keygen -t ed25519-sk -O resident
If that fails, try
ecdsa-sk instead! Some hardware keys may not support
storing the key on the key itself.
Then enter in a super secret password (such as the Tongues you received as a kid
when you were forced into learning the bible against your will) twice and then
add that key to your agent with
ssh-add -K. Then you can list your keys with
$ ssh-add -L email@example.com AAAAGnNrLXNzaC1lZDI1NTE5QG9wZW5zc2guY29tAAAAIKgGePSwpBuHUhrFCRLch9Usqi7L0fKtgTRnh6F/R+ruAAAABHNzaDo= cadey@shachi
Then you can copy this public key to GitHub or whatever and authenticate as
normal. The private key is stored on your yubikey directly and you can add it
ssh-add -K. You can delete the ssh key stub at
then your yubikey will be the only thing holding that key.
Facts and circumstances may have changed since publication. Please contact me before jumping to conclusions if something seems wrong or unclear.
Tags: yubikey, security